There are two methods of delivering a baby. One is vaginal delivery and the other is cesarean section

Vaginal delivery is the process of delivering a newborn through the birth canal. Vaginal birth is affected following the onset of labor. Labor indicates the uterus is starting to contract to expel the baby. Its duration can vary from woman to woman. Labor can either start on its own or other means like medications can be used to start it. With the start of labor, the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus, starts to open up or dilate. This dilation can be measured from 1 to 10cm. Once the cervix reaches 10cms, the mother is expected to push to deliver the baby effectively.

The delivery of a newborn vaginally can be classified as assisted or unassisted. In assisted vaginal delivery also known as operative vaginal delivery, instruments are used to pull the baby out. There are different reasons why this method may be preferred but it is generally performed when there is a need to deliver the baby fast and the conditions of the mother and the baby allow it. An episiotomy, or stitch, is a cut made around the vagina to make the vaginal opening larger for delivery. It is repaired following the delivery.

Cesarean delivery is a method of delivering a baby through the abdomen. An incision is made through the different layers of the abdomen to extract the newborn. There are different reasons for a Cesarean delivery but in general, it is performed when safe vaginal delivery is unlikely. It can be done after scheduling or as an emergency. Emergency cesarean sections are done when complications arise once labor has ensued, or medical conditions put the lives of the baby or the mother in danger. 

When compared to vaginal birth, cesarean birth is associated with increased bleeding, infections, hospital stay and recovery time. They also involve anesthesia-related side effects. But with the right indications, cesarean delivery can be life saving for both the mother and baby.