Emergency contraception is a method of birth control used to prevent pregnancy after sexual intercourse and before the onset of pregnancy.
Two methods can be used for emergency contraception
● Post pills
● Copper-based IUDs
These methods prevent pregnancy 95% of the time and are more effective if used sooner after the sexual act.
A woman can take the pill within 72-120 hours
Or, have an IUD inserted within 5 days of unprotected sex?
This message focuses on the most commonly used pills that contain levonorgestrel
Emergency contraceptive methods can be taken by any woman of childbearing age who found herself in the following conditions
A victim of sexual violence
She has not used any other contraceptives
There is a possibility of method failure (for example condom/diaphragm break and 3 or more missed regular pills)
Minor side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and fatigue may occur for a short period of time and repeated use may cause menstrual irregularities. Note that if vomiting occurs within 2 hours of taking, the pill should be taken again.
Following emergency contraceptive pills, one can immediately resume her regular method or start a new method.
According to the World Health Organization, emergency contraceptive pills are extremely safe, even if they are used frequently. They do not harm the fetus if pregnancy has already occurred, they’re not associated with ectopic pregnancy and they do not affect future fertility.
However, even though they are safe, using emergency contraceptive pills as a regular method of contraception is not recommended.